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Sidney’s An Apology for Poetry

  • The Lady of May’ is a ________ written and performed for Queen Elizabeth I.

(A) one act play                                                    

(B) sonnet sequence                     

(C) prose romance                                               

(D) literary criticism


  • Which of the following statements is not true about Sidney?

(A) He was born on 30th November, 1545 in Kent, England

(B) He served as a protestant political liaison for Queen Elizabeth I

(C) He started a literary club named as ‘Areopagus’

(D) He was sent as ambassador to German Emperor


  • Sidney’s sister reworked ‘Arcadia’ which became known as ________

(A) Arcadia, a Prose Romance                            

(B) Arcadia, a Pastoral Elegy

(C) The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia           

(D) New Version of Arcadia


  • Sidney’s ‘Astrophel and Stella’ is noteworthy for _______

(A) Giving women a voice in poetry                    

(B) Being the only good thing Sidney wrote

(C) Being the first English-language sonnet cycle          

(D) Presenting a beautiful picture of courtly love


  • Sidney’s An Apology for Poetry is a reply to __________

(A) Plato’s Ion                                                      

(B) Stephen Gosson’s The School of Abuse

(C) Edmund Spenser’s The Shepherd’s Calendar

 (D) Horace’s Ars Poetica

  • Sidney opens his defense of poetry by referring to ­___________

(A) Amphion had moved stones with his poetry   

(B) Orpheus’s music was listened by beasts

(C) Pugliono’s praise of horse and horsemanship

(D) Lirius Andronicus and Ennius were great poets in Rome


  • The Defence of Poesie, by Sir Philip Sidney, is considered the first work of literary criticism in English literature. What is the text also known as?

(A) An Excuse for Poetry                                     

(B) A Vindication of Poetry

(C) In Support of Poetry                                      

(D) An Apology for Poetry


  • In what year was The Defence of Poesie published for the first time?

(A) 1595                           

(B) 1572               

(C) 1559                           

(D) 1609


  • In the following phrase from The Defence of Poesie, who or what is the referent of “her”? “Her world is brazen, the poets only deliver a golden”

(A) The moon                                                       

(B) The poet’s lover

(C) Nature                                                            

(D) Artemis, the Greek goddess of the hunt


  • Which word is missing in the following phrase from The Defence of Poesie? “Poetry is an art of imitation, for so Aristotle termeth it in the word _________”

(A) Logos                         

(B) Mimesis                      

(C) Anamnesis                              

(D) Diairesis


  • What is Sidney’s standpoint in the debate over whether art needs social commitment?

(A) Art exists solely for art’s sake

(B) Aesthetic contemplation should be balanced with morality in art

(C) Art should provide moral grounding and disregard aesthetics

(D) Art is for only Life’s sake


  • Stephen Gosson makes charges on poetry which Sidney answers. Which is not true?

(A) Poetry is the waste of time                             

(B) Poetry is mother of lies

(C) It is nurse of abuse                                        

(D) Aristotle had rightly banished the poets from his ideal world

  • The Romans referred to ‘poets’ as ________

(A) poiein             

(B) bard                            

(C) vates                           

(D) maker


  • According to the work, poetry is superior to philosophy writing because the former _________

(A) avoids explicit discussion of ideas                 

(B) better evokes emotions and sympathy

(C) subtly analyzes politics                                  

(D) presents images and examples

  • The Red Indians sang songs in praise of their ancestors. They called the songs as __________

(A) Areytos                       

(B) Barcarole                   

(C) Lyrics                         

(D) Roundelay

  • Who “goeth hand in hand with Nature, not enclosed within the narrow warrant of her gifts, but freely ranging only within the zodiac of his own wit”?

(A) Naturalist                   

(B) Poet                

(C) Philosopher                

(D) Historic writer


  • According to the work, poetry is superior to history writing because the former _______

(A) creates ideal models                                      

(B) avoids minute details

(C) narrates stories chronologically                   

(D) includes material about sex and romance


  • Sidney’s main criticism of the English drama ‘Gorboduc’ is for _______

(A) excessive figurative language                        

(B) unrealistic characterization

(C) archaism in style                                           

(D) violation of the Aristotelian unities

  • To Sidney, what is the primary reason poetry is the most important discipline?

(A) Poetry makes women fall in love with man

(B) Poetry possesses a beauty not found in other studies

(C) Poets have a unique power to create and drive men to virtue

(D) Poetry requires the most skill to make


  • Which genre is disgraced by “naughty play-makers and stage-keepers,” is valuable for the ridicule it casts upon people’s faults, which people scorn as they laugh?

(A) Satire                          

(B) Masque                       

(C) Comedy                                  

(D) Farce


  • Which of the following writers combined prose and verse?

(A) Herodotus and Justin                                     

(B) Dante and Virgil

(C) Sannazzaro and Boethius                              

(C) Pindar and Horace


  • Who took singers with them to battlefield?

(A) Lacedemonians          

(B) Turks              

(C) Africans                                  

(D) Mesopotamians


  • Which of the following statement is not true on Sidney’s view on versifying?

(A) It helps memory and makes reading profitable

(B) It makes language musical and strikes the senses easily

(C) It is the best medium for storing knowledge in the mind       

(D) It is an essential part of poetry


  • Complete the following line: “______ nothing affirmeth, and therefore never lieth”.

(A) The astronomer          

(B) The poet                     

(C) The historian              

(D) The mathematician


  • Alexander the Great, left his school master, Aristotle behind him but took the works of ________ with him.             

(A) Xenophon                   

(B) Homer            

(C) Aesop                         

(D) Aristophanes



  • Who entitled his history by the name of the nine Muses?

(A) Herodotus                  

(B) Justin              

(C) Aristotle                                  

(D) Cicero


  • Pindar proved that ________ is ‘most capable and most fit to awake the thoughts from the sleep of idleness, to embrace honorable enterprises’.

(A) elegiac poetry            

(B) pastoral poetry           

(C) lyrical poetry             

(D) heroic poetry


  • What two literary styles did Philip Sidney most importantly contribute to?

(A) Social studies and love ballads                      

(B) Courtly conduct manuals and odes

(C) Criticism and sonnet cycles               

(D) Drama and elegies


  • What is the example given by Sidney to defend the noble effects of poetry?

(A) The story of Aeneas carrying his old father Anchises on his back

(B) Agrippa established peace by telling Romans a story

(C) Virgil’s character Tityrus brings out the virtue of patience

(D) The tales of Hercules, Achilles, Cyrus


  • Simonides and Pindarus changed the tyrant Hiero, the First into a king but Plato could not soften the despot _________

(A) Syracusians                

(B) Ennius            

(C) Dionysius                               

(D) Euripides


  • Who had given the fables of Atlantic Island in verse?

(A) Thales                         

(B) Phocylides                  

(C) Solon                          

(D) Plato


  • Who said: “With a sword thou mayest kill thy father, and with a sword thou mayest defend thy prince and country”?

(A) Stephen Gosson         

(B) Spenser                       

(C) Sidney                        

(D) Plato

  • ‘These be they that, as the first and most noble sort may justly be termed vates, so these are waited on in the excellentest languages and best understandings’. Sidney describes the ______ as Vates in ‘An Apologie for Poetrie’. (PG – 2019)

(A) Critics                         

(B) Historians                   

(C) Poets                          

(D) Philosophers


  • Truly, I have known men, that even with reading ________ , which, God knows, wants much of a perfect poesy, have found their hearts moved to the exercise of courtesy, liberality, and especially courage.’

(A) Amadis de Gaule                                           

(B) Virgil’s Georgics

(C) Xenophon’s Cyropaedia                                

(D) Aesop’s Fables


  • What is the ballad mentioned in Sidney’s ‘An Apology of Poetry’?

(A) Babes in the Wood                                         

(B) The Rarest Ballad That Ever Was Seen

(C) The Ballad of Chevy Chase                           

(C) Mirror of Magistrates


  • Who was said to move stones with his poetry to build Thebes?

(A) Orpheus                     

(B) Amphion                     

(C) Musaeus                                 

(D) Ennius


  • ‘Since both the oracles of Delphos and Sibylla’s prophecies were wholly delivered in verses’. Who were ‘Delphos and Sibylla’?

(A) Delphos was the prophet in Greek in literature; Sibylla was the daughter of Apollo in Greek mythology

(B) Delphos was the son of Apollo in Greek mythology; Sibylla was prophetess in Greek literature

(C) Delphos was the God; Sibylla was the Goddess and they delivered prophecies at Delphi 

(D) Delphos was the prophet; Sibylla was the prophetess ant they delivered the oracles only in verse


  • Who advises to follow the nature to avoid mistakes in the following lines? …..stands upon the natural virtues, vices, and passions of man; and “follow nature,” says he, “therein, and thou shalt not err.”

(A) Natural philosopher                                       

(B) Moral philosopher

(C) Geometrician                                                 

(D) Logician         


  • Choose the best option from the given below:
  1. Theagenes – valiant man
  2. Orlando – true lover
  3. Pylades – constant friend
  4. Cyrus –  right a prince


(A) 1 and 3 are correct; 2 and 4 are incorrect    

(B) 1 and 4 are correct; 2 and 3 are incorrect

(C) 3 and 4 are correct; 1 and 2 are incorrect

(D) 2 and 3 are correct; 1 and 4 are incorrect    



  • The philosopher,” saith he, “teaches a disputative virtue, but I do an active. Here ‘I’ refers to _________

(A) Historian                    

(B) Philosopher    

(C) Poet                            

(D) Sidney


  • Fill in the blanks: ‘This purifying of _____ , this enriching of _____ , enabling _______ of, and enlarging of _______ , which commonly we call learning’

(A) memory, wit, judgment, conceit                     

(B) wit, memory, conceit, judgment,

(C) memory, wit, conceit, judgment,                    

(D) wit, memory, judgment, conceit


  • ‘Lastly, if he make the songbook, I put the learner’s hand to the lute;

and if he be the guide, I am the light.’. 1. Who is referred to ‘guide’? 2. Who is referred to ‘light’?

(A) 1. Historian 2. Philosopher                           

(B) 1. Philosopher 2. Poet                                   

(C) 1. Historian 2. Poet                                       

(D) 1. Philosopher 2. Historian   


  • Match the following:
  1. Ulysses – i. cruelty
  2. Nisus – ii. Pride
  3. Agamemnon – iii. Friendship
  4. Atreus – iv. Valour
  5. Achilles – v. Temperance

(A) 1-iii, 2-v, 3-i, 4-ii, 5-iv                                   

(B) 1-v, 2-iii, 3-ii, 4-i, 5-iv

(C) 1-v, 2-i, 3-iv, 4-ii, 5-iii                                   

(D) 1-iii, 2-v, 3- ii, 4-iv, 5-i          

  • ‘______ is the most excellent resting-place for all worldly learning to make his end of, so poetry, being the most familiar to teach it, and most princely to move towards it, in the most excellent work is the most excellent workman’?

(A) Virtue                         

(B) Morality                      

(C) Precept                                   

(D) Divine power


  • Which poetry rubs the galled mind, in making shame the trumpet of villainy with bold and open crying out against naughtiness?

(A) satiric                         

(B) tragical                       

(C) iambic                        

(D) comical


  • ‘That Daedalus, they say, both in this and in other, hath three wings to bear itself up into the air of due commendation’. What are the three wings?

(A) Art, Limitation, Exercise                                

(B) Wit, Diction, Practice

(C) Wit, Diction, Practice                                    

(D) Art, Imitation, Exercise


  • ‘Many things tasting of a noble birth, and worthy of a noble mind.’ Which worked is described here?

(A) The Shepherd’s Calendar                              

(B) the Earl of Surrey’s Lyrics

(C) Chaucer’s Troilus and Cressida                   

(D) Mirror of Magistrates






  • ‘But our comedians think there is no delight without laughter.’ According to Sidney, this statement is ___

(A) very right                    

(B) very wrong     

(C) perceptible                 

(D) ambiguous


  • Which of the following phrases are used by Sidney to refer the critics on poetry?

(I) poet-haters                  

(II) fault-finders    

(III) good fools                 

(IV) foolish jesters

Select the correct codes given below:

(A) I, II, IV


(C) I, III, IV

(D) I, II, III


  • Alexander put the philosopher __________ to death for his seeming philosophical, indeed mutinous, stubbornness.

(A) Cato                           

(B) Fulvius                       

(C) Callisthenes                

(D) Ennius

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